COSEWIC status:Not at risk
SARA status:No status
Crabbes River, Grand Codroy River, Harry’s River, Humber River, Serpentine River
The Southwest Newfoundland population extends northward from Cape Ray up the west coast of insular Newfoundland to a point near the abandoned community of Chimney Cove. There are 40 known salmon rivers in the area. Southwest Newfoundland has the youngest mean smolt age, the lowest proportion of female grilse, and the largest salmon of all populations on the island of Newfoundland.
There is an active recreational fishery targeting salmon from the Southwest Newfoundland Atlantic salmon population. The recreational fishery for the entire province of Newfoundland and Labrador harvested 19,400 grilse in 2017, a portion coming from Southwest Newfoundland rivers. All large salmon are released.
Current Population Status:
COSEWIC found that following the closure of commercial salmon fishing in 1993, the number of adult Southwest Newfoundland salmon increased 134% to 44,566 in 2008. Unfortunately, insular Newfoundland has experienced significant adult salmon declines in recent years. The Southwest Newfoundland population includes two monitored rivers. In 2017, total adult return to the Harry’s River were 35% below the most recent five year average. Corner Brook Stream, a river recovered from extirpation, exceeded egg conservation limits in 2017 (145%), as it has for more than a decade.
DFO: Stock Assessment of Newfoundland and Labrador Atlantic Salmon – 2017 http://www.dfo-mpo.gc.ca/csas-sccs/Publications/SAR-AS/2018/2018_034-eng.pdf
COSEWIC Assessment and Status Report on the Atlantic Salmon in Canada: http://0104.nccdn.net/1_5/042/0f6/076/atlantic_salmon_2011-en.pdf